This month month begins with first quarter moon. That is as the sunsets we will have nearly half illuminated Moon near the meridian.
Mercury (Budha) is in Virgo, the Virgin (Kanya) and remains in this constellation all through the month. It is in inferior conjunction with the Sun on Oct 16.
Venus (Shukra) too is in Virgo, the Virgin (Kanya) and moves to Libra, the Scale (Tula) on 30th Oct. Venus is in superior conjunction with the Sun on Oct 25.
It may be noted that the Sun to is in is in Virgo and thus it would be difficult to locate both these inner planets. However Mercury is to the east of the Sun and Venus to its left and both are moving in apposite direction. By next moth we should be able to spot Venus above the western horizon after the sunset and Mercury above the eastern horizon before the sunrise.
Mars (Mangal) remains in Leo, the Lion this month. It passes within less than a degree from Regulus (Magha) on Oct 15.
Jupiter (Guru) continues to remains in Gemini, the Twins (Mithuna).
Saturn (Shani) to continues remains in Virgo, the Virgin (Kanya) this month too.
The Sun remain in Virgo, the Virgin (Kanya) most of this month and moves to Libra, the Scale on 31st Oct.
This list of astronomical phenomena is generated using Occult V4.0.9 by David Herald of International Occultation Timing Association. October d h d h 1 19 FIRST QUARTER 18 0 Jupiter 5.2N of Moon 1 23 Pluto 2.8S of Moon 18 5 Moon at apogee 4 14 Mercury stationary 18 23 Regulus 4.4N of Moon 5 17 Neptune 4.4S of Moon 19 2 Venus 3.2N of Spica 6 9 Moon at perigee 22 21 Mercury 0.6N of Moon Occn 7 20 Uranus at opposition 23 9 Spica 2.5S of Moon 8 9 Uranus 1.2S of Moon Occn 23 21 NEW MOON Eclipse 8 10 FULL MOON Eclipse 23 21 Venus 0.1N of Moon Occn 12 10 Aldebaran 1.4S of Moon 25 7 Mercury stationary 13 13 Moon furthest North (18.5) 25 7 Venus superior conjunction 15 19 LAST QUARTER 25 16 Saturn 0.9S of Moon Occn 16 8 Mercury 0.4N of Spica 28 0 Moon furthest South (-18.6) 16 21 Mercury inferior conjunction 29 5 Pluto 2.9S of Moon 17 18 Mercury 2.4S of Venus 31 2 FIRST QUARTER Phases of the Moon (timings in IST hh:mm) First quarter: 02-Oct 01:02 Full moon: 08-Oct 16:20 Last quarter: 16-Oct 00:47 New moon: 24-Oct 03:26 First quarter: 31-Oct 08:18
(Disclaimer: Please note that the Indian names of the stars, constellations, and planets given in parenthesis for the purpose to remind the reader that India has a rich astronomical tradition. I do not subscribe to astrology.)
Indian names of planets, constellations and stars
Mercury – Budha बुध
Venus- Shukra शुक्र
Mars – Mangal मंगळ मंगल
Jupiter – Guru or Bruhaspati गुरू ब्रुहस्पती
Saturn – Shani शनी
Taurus Vrishabha वृषभ
Leo Simha सिंह
Libra Tula तुला
Virgo Kannya कन्या
Scorpius Vruschik वृश्चिक
Antares Jyestha ज्येष्ठा
Regulus Magha – मघा